When hazards like arc blasts, arc flash, and shock are minimized, a safe working environment is created. Even though realizing a change in the electrical industry doesn’t have to be responsive, it is the little things that matter.
Several electrical safety principles can help implement change in this industry.
1. Implementing A Safety Program
There is a need to put in place and follow an electrical safety program. This is the sole responsibility of the employer. The first step is to have a well-researched and written program. The second and most important step is to put it into practice.
Every personnel in the company need to work together to make sure that the program is effective and stay committed to it.
2. Knowing And Identifying Hazards
The molten metal, high heat, and arc flash can set clothing on fire and result in serious burns even if you are 10ft away. These burns can be fatal. The arc blast itself is caused when copper vaporizes and expands. The huge sound and pressure are as a result of the hot rapid-air expansion. The waves caused by the pressure can collapse lungs, puncture eardrums, and even propel anything across the room including the workers. This accident happens like a flash and does not stop until the protective device activates.
To keep your employees safe and warm them concerning this hazard, employers are required according to 110.16 of the 2002 NEC, to clearly label any equipment that needs adjustment, examination, servicing, and repairs.
All equipment whether new or old should be labeled to sufficiently warn the workers of any potential of arc flash hazard and the right PPE to have.
3. Tools, PPE, And Work Procedures
All electrical work should be carefully planned out before execution. Work procedures should be periodically reviewed, improved, updated, and modified as necessary. Have a safe working environment for both hazardous and non-hazardous work.
Tools and equipment should be checked before use and kept safely after use. Have a checklist of tasks and written work procedures (including electrical rescue and resuscitation training) which should be read and understood by each employee.
It is also the requirement of the employer to provide their employees with proper PPE that meets the set standards.
4. Safety By Design
Some designs have to be considered for safety;
• Isolate the circuit: use isolation equipment to provide repair and preventive maintenance for the correct execution of lockout procedures. This is necessary because it provides electrical safety. Use this design for motor loads and other loads that require isolation before repair or maintenance.
• Integrate barriers to prevent accidental contact of live parts: “finger-safe” components and insulated barriers. Giving extra protection from shock and arc flash especially during maintenance and troubleshooting.
• Current limitation:design systems that have current-limiting over current devices, you will be able to cut down on the level of PPE needed and flash protection boundary. This will increase the practicability of the task making it more manageable. With this in place, workers can easily check for voltage or the absence of it while putting any equipment into a safe working condition.
These electrical safety principles, emphasis on the safety of the employees, employer, and the owner. To have a safe work environment in the electrical industry, all players need to be willing to change any existing myths, beliefs, practices, and culture.
They must be ready to implement and follow the right safety standards, rules, and regulations, and establish a new culture all together as far as safety in handling electricity is concerned.
Implementing a safety program, knowing and identifying potential hazards, using the proper tools, PPE, following the proper work procedures and improving safety by design, will make the electrical industry a safer place to work in.
High Voltage work (not low voltage).
Rescue and Resuscitation Training
They are required to go through a course known as “CPR for electricians”. The main aim of this course is to train all employees in the electrical industry and equip them with the right skills in rescue, CPR, and life support. All this when handling any electrical related emergency. Workers will learn how to assess any victim and know the right support to offer the victim, treat, and record the incident in the right way. The training is according to regulation 29 of the electricity act 1995. Workers must meet the set, recognized standards that are expected in the industry so electrical rescue and resuscitation training is essential.
This is the outline of the training:
- Introduction to the training
- How to respond correctly to emergency
- The proper way to assess a victim
- Right rescue and release of victims well and safely
- Managing victims while fully aware of the hazardous and risks in the area
- How to identify and respond to unconscious victim and victims with no signs of life
- The right way of using a resuscitation mask
- First aid for burns
- Report writing
The training takes one day and all electricians attending the training will be required to take part in several group activities which are all part of the training.